Accomac Roots

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Research Articles

Found here are a series of articles and documents that may be of interest for those researching various aspects of the history of African Americans on Chincoteague Island.


By-race Population Distribution of the parishes (Accomac and St. Georges) of Accomac County from 1810 to 1850.

CI Streets
A listing of the streets of Chincoteague Island from the 1910 - 1930 US Census, including the number of black houses on each. Prior to 1910, street locations were were not recorded. The decreasing black population on the Island over this period clearly can be seen from these data.

If at First You Don't Succeed An article from Tracks in the Sand recounting the history of the two incorporations of the Town of Chincoteague.

Fraud in Incorporation Petition The rest of the story: Tracks in the Sand article about a fraudulent petition in 1900.

Election Fraud Rocks Chincoteague-1901 Interesting Tracks in the Sand story of the wet-dry elections on the Island, not totally aboveboard.

Boundaries of the Town of Chincoteague This article from Tracks in the Sand was written to clarify how the boundaries of the Town of Chincoteague changed over time. While not dealing directly with African Americans, it is relevant to the black communities of the Island. Includes map.

The Murderer's Grave Where is the grave of Tom Freeman, the man who murdered young Jennie Hill in 1885? This article, from Tracks in the Sand, shows that Tom Freeman is not buried where tradition says, but instead lies in Holy Ridge Cemetery beside his mother. This article does not deal with African Americans, but is interesting nonetheless.

Lewis Family Bibles  
A discovery at the new Museum of Chincoteague Island. Four 1800's books, three Bibles and a volume of Shakespeare plays, reveal new information on the history of one of the earliest families of Assateague Island, that of Isaac and Annamaria Lewis. While this find does not deal with African Americans, we thought it still might be of interest to our readers.

200th Anniversary of Brinney Land Purchase on Chincoteague An article tracing the planting and growth of the African American community on Chincoteague Island.

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Copyright © Richard H. Smith, Jr.,, 2006